Metazoa The Evolution of Animals, Minds, Consciousness and Dreams

From the human being to the octopus, the shark to the humble sea squirt, all animals are physical beings made up entirely of cells. And yet they can think, to varying degrees. How...

Theory and Reality An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

How does science work? Does it tell us what the world is "really" like? What makes it different from other ways of understanding the universe? In Theory and Reality, Peter...

Other Minds The Octopus and the Evolution of Intelligent Life

What if intelligent life on Earth evolved not once, but twice? The octopus is the closest we will come to meeting an intelligent alien. What can we learn from the encounter?